When it comes down to buying CBD oil, there’s a jungle of technical terms to work through. For those accustomed to the use of hemp extracts, this might be clear as day. Though some of these terms might be very confusing. Especially if you’re relatively new to cannabinoid supplements. Luckily, we are here to elaborate and explain the difference between terms like full-spectrum, pure and RAW CBD oil. Helping you choose and buy the right CBD oil for your needs:

Hemp extracts

But before we dive into the confusion, it’s important to know how CBD oil is made. Because wether we talk about full-spectrum, raw or pure oils, all of these products start the same. The base material used to produce these oils naturally is always an hemp extract. An extraction of the active ingredients from the hemp plant’s flowers - of which Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the most prominent.

However, hemp plants contain several hundreds of active ingredients. The majority of which are classified as either ‘cannabinoids’ (like Cannabidiol) or ‘terpenes’. And while it might look like these other components aren’t very interesting or important for ‘CBD’ oil. They are in fact essential elements to the concept. As the ratio in which these substances exist in an oil, determine if we’re talking about a full-spectrum, PURE or RAW CBD oil. Let’s dive in deeper…

What is full-spectrum?

The active ingredients of hemp are often extracted from the plant using a CO2-extraction method. A supercritical process using highly volatile gas to separate the compounds we’re after, from the plant material we don’t really need. This results in a thick paste, containing almost the exact cannabinoid and terpene-profile that existed in the plant. A ‘full-spectrum’ hemp extract or CBD paste, as you will. Considering it contains the full spectrum of active ingredients, just like nature intended the plant to be.

Obviously, the main component in full-spectrum extracts is Cannabidiol. After all, this is the most prominent ingredient present in the flowers of the hemp plant. Though with the right plant material and extraction process; the hemp extract will also contain cannabinoids as CBC, CBG, CBN, and even trace amounts of THC. In low concentrations this ‘psychoactive cousin’ of CBD will not provide a high. But it certainly does support the cannabinoids’ entourage effect. This is the synergy that happens in the body when CBD is supported by all other active ingredients found in hemp.

Read more about the entourage-effect in our blog: ‘The entourage-effect: important synergy for effective CBD oil

Furthermore, full-spectrum hemp extracts also contain a variety of terpenes. These aromatic elements give each hemp strain its unique scent, in various compositions. Though that’s not all, as terpenes also happen to play an important role in support of the entourage-effect. In this perspective, it’s safe to say that the more cannabinoids and terpenes an extract contains, the better its effects will be.


Though full spectrum hemp extracts are relatively hard to dose - and the fatty ingredients are hardly absorbed by the body in this form. That is why CBD Paste is often diluted with a carrier oil like hemp seed oil. And you might’ve guessed it by now: this is what it takes to turn full spectrum hemp extracts into full spectrum ’CBD oil’. Adding such oils to hemp extracts helps the body to absorb the active ingredients better. Which in turn provides a more potent effect on the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS).

Though some might know full-spectrum oil as ‘RAW’ CBD oil. A term invented to classify the raw, unprocessed extract from hemp after it’s diluted with a carrier oil. So in general, RAW CBD oil is a marketing term used to describe (and market) full spectrum CBD oil. Now that that is clear, it’s time to explain how this differs from ‘Pure CBD Oil’.

Pure CBD Oil

In contract to full-spectrum CBD oil, Pure CBD oil contains nothing other than Cannabidiol. No other cannabinoids and terpenes, as this product is made using isolated CBD crystals. This is the product you get after refining hemp extracts. A process where all other cannabinoids, terpenes and waxes in the extract are separated from the Cannabidiol; creating isolated CBD crystals with around 99,8% purity.

Buy the best CBD oil

While this might sound like a good thing, it is actually not what you’re looking for in an effective CBD oil. As explained before, the efficacy of hemp oils relies on more than just Cannabidiol. It is all about the entourage effect if you’re trying to reap maximum benefits from the plant’s substance.

Summarizing: the best CBD oil is one that is rich in both cannabinoids and terpenes. And considering Dutch Natural Healing CBD oils are loaded with both; they’re as full spectrum as you can get. Providing the best entourage effect possible, close to the plant and how nature intended it to be.

Try it yourself